Wednesday, February 20, 2013

Summary of Jainism

After reading the hand out that the teacher distributes for all students about Jainism, I notice that Jainism is very similar to Buddhism , just differ some idea and some concepts .
Load Mahavira is regarded as the founder of Jain religion. Actually there are twenty three religious teachers in Jainism.

Mahavira who lived for the life of household but later become a wandering ascetic in search of the light of real knowledge. After fourteen years of ascetic life, he had gained enlightenment and then he develop his life in preaching for human liberation.
Mahavira preached non theistic religion for moral purity.
Basic features of Jainism as a religion
1 it is an atheistic religion, don’t believe in god. 1 but believe in godhood and it is a religion of moral and spiritual purity. 3 the world is a function of six eternally existing substance, five material and the one spiritual. 4 Man’s soul is potentially perfect and capable of attainting infinite power. 5 Jainism believe in a life after death. 6 Jainism believe that the present state of man is the state of bondage which is due to his own karma. 7 Man suffer due to his own Karma. 8 Liberation can be attained not by offering ritual gods but by following the path of three jewels right faith, right knowledge and right conduct. 9 Jainism emphasize on the value of moral conduct. 10 Jainism much extolls the life of the monk.
Jainism also does not believe in any God and the concept of Jainism is man himself is God. Because man is potentially perfect. And man is capable of attaining of infinite power, infinite knowledge, infinite faith and infinite bliss.
In fact the world has not come into existence at a definite moment of time. It tries to explain the material world by the help of the following five substance ( Dravya) Dharma, ( Motion), Adharma ( Principle of rest), Akasha ( Space), Kala ( Time) and Pudgala ( Matter)
In Jainism, man is the highest status and man is capable of attainting infinitude, absolute perfection. And the soul in Man is capable of attaining infinite power, infinite knowledge, infinite faith, and infinite bliss. And also believe that one has to take another body after the end of present body and the soul migrates to one body to another in accordance with its Karma. Jainism also believe in the Law of Karma.
Evil and Suffering
Man suffers due to his own past Karma. Life in the world is consequence of one’s past Karma and in a abroad sense coming to life in the world. Both happy and miserable respectively due to the good and a bad action performed by someone in his past life.
Life after death
The concept of this life after death is similar with Hinduism that man has an immortal soul that believe the soul transmigrates into a new body after the death immediately. And in Jainism there are reference of being born in heaven or hell also. But that simply means being born in happy or miserable conditions life.
Ultimate destiny
In Jainism, ultimate destiny of man is Moksha or Kaivalya. Moksha in the real sense is possible only when the physical body is destroyed and there is no possibility of the soul taking another body. Negatively view, Moksha is complete cessation of birth and rebirth and of all consequent suffering, and positively view, it is the attainment of a status of absolute perfection and bliss.
Jaina discipline
Jainism teaches a threefold discipline that are as follow – right faith, right knowledge, and right conduct. 

Source: Class note


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